On Feb. 14, Toshiba Corp. issued a provisional earnings release that focused on the financial difficulties it faces, largely because of its subsidiaries' commitments to construct four new nuclear power plants in Georgia and South Carolina.
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The development of infrastructure in cities and regions across the world is critical to economic growth and social well-being. As such, securing the funding needed to support the global infrastructure sector—currently in the tens of trillions of dollars—is a key issue for governments and policymakers.
Government funding constraints have limited public investment in recent years; however, the private sector is increasingly willing to construct, lease, operate, and maintain infrastructure assets from airports and toll roads to power plants and schools. Due to the long-lived nature of these assets, debt capital plays an important role in financing infrastructure.
Our research shows that institutional investors have a collective demand for infrastructure debt. Our global team has the extensive expertise needed to evaluate the broad array of asset types and ownership structures, as well as the financing techniques utilized to fund them. This page is intended to help market participants navigate through the broad array of infrastructure finance services and research from the divisions of S&P Global. All content comes from S&P Global Ratings unless otherwise noted.
On Feb. 14, Toshiba Corp. issued a provisional earnings release that focused on the financial difficulties it faces, largely because of its subsidiaries' commitments to construct four new nuclear power plants in Georgia and South Carolina.
S&P Global Ratings' 2017 outlook for business conditions and credit quality for rated toll road facilities around the world is generally stable. The exception is the U.S., where the overall outlook is positive.
Tucked in the intersection of William, Broad, and Beaver Streets at the southern end of Manhattan is the famous Delmonico's Restaurant. It was here on a fall evening in 1880 that Thomas Alva Edison met with John Pierpont Morgan to discuss the financing of a power plant based on low voltage direct current.
In the ongoing debate over the need for global infrastructure investment, the focus generally falls on the financing gap and the hundreds of billions of dollars that need to be deployed to fill it. But while huge--often unfathomable--numbers make for great headlines, this big-picture discourse often falls short of discussing practical, real-world approaches to the problem.
"How you respond to the challenge in the second half will determine what you become after the game, whether you are a winner or a loser."--Lou Holtz These inspirational words by the former Notre Dame football coach were heeded by many midstream companies in 2016's second half, but this game is not yet over.
Demand for project finance is increasing, but the ability of banks to meet that need faces regulatory constraints, namely the so-called Basel IV rules. In response, banks have begun to use credit insurance and original-to-distribute strategies to lessen borrower credit risk and stay in the game.
Project finance demand continues to rise in response to increasing infrastructure needs and government promises to boost investment, especially in Europe, the Middle East, and Africa (EMEA). The question is, who will finance this growing pipeline of projects?
After advancing new proposals for green evaluations as well as environmental, social, and governance (ESG) assessments, S&P Global Ratings addressed questions from investors and other market participants about the tools at roadshows in Paris, Amsterdam, and London in late November.
America's hydro fleet of approximately 80 gigawatt (GW) (or approximately 7% of generating capacity) has remained largely flat since the 1970s, and its largest generating facility (of any kind), the 6.8 GW Grand Coulee Dam in Washington, has eclipsed 70 years of age.
Israel has weathered the recent global economic turmoil rather well, managing to maintain a GDP growth rate of more than 2.5%. Yet the country's infrastructure development significantly lags that in other countries in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
The recommendations are the result of a year's worth of work by the Task Force on Climate-Related Financial Disclosures (TCFD), created by the Financial Stability Board (FSB) to develop voluntary, consistent climate-related financial risk disclosures for use by companies in providing information to investors, lenders, insurers, and other stakeholders.
Competition between electric power companies (EPCOs) and new entrants to Japan's freshly liberalized retail electricity market will not increase much outside major cities, and electricity rates are unlikely to decline significantly in the next one to two years, according to S&P Global Ratings.
In Europe, and further afield, prudential regulatory frameworks are evolving to take into account the characteristics of private infrastructure debt and equity. Important progress has been made under the EU's Solvency II framework, but much calibration work remains to be done.
Crude oil prices are likely to stay "lower for longer" was the sentiment from an S&P Global Ratings Oil & Gas webcast on Nov. 10, 2016. Also, OPEC's plan to drive down prices and drive out higher-cost production--most notably from U.S. shale-oil producers--has finally come to fruition.
This month, Donald Trump defeated Hillary Clinton, and the implications for the energy policy of the U.S. could become significant sooner rather than later. In about two months, he will take office with an energy agenda that we expect to differ sharply from that of his predecessor.
On Sept. 2, 2016, S&P Global Ratings proposed a Green Bond Evaluation Tool that would provide a second opinion, plus a relative green impact score on capital market instruments targeted at financing environmentally beneficial projects. The Green Bond Evaluation is not a credit rating. The proposed framework evaluates the governance and transparency of the bond and provides an analysis of the envir
S&P Global today launched its sustainable investment report 'Green Finance: Scaling Up To Meet The Climate Challenge' at the UN Climate Change summit in Marrakech . The report, a collaborative effort between S&P Global Ratings and S&P Dow Jones Indices, provides essential insights into the fast growing green bond market, sustainability indices as well as showcasing our new product proposals to he
As COP22 convenes in Marrakech this week, despite the progress made in the year since the Paris Agreement, much more needs to be done to meet climate targets, especially in the area of green infrastructure investment, according to a report by S&P Global Ratings.
In a consultation paper published on Sept. 2, 2016, "Proposal For A Green Bond Evaluation Tool," S&P Global Ratings outlined its proposed framework for evaluating the green credentials of projects financed by green bonds. The evaluation is not a credit rating.
A lot has happened since Dec. 12, 2015, when the Paris Agreement was adopted by consensus of the 195 countries present at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21)--and more than what might have been expected. For starters, the agreement smoothly slid into force on Nov. 4, in record time for a document of this significance.
Merchant generators continue to wade through market challenges that gathered momentum in 2015. Over the past three years, electricity demand has increasingly decoupled from economic growth and this is now influencing longer-term power prices.
Over the past few months, large European transportation infrastructure groups have announced and completed a string of acquisitions of concessions and infrastructure assets. Opportunities for investment are opening up as governments seek private funding to replenish and expand aging infrastructure, enabling corporate groups to diversify their revenues across sectors and regions.
Over the past months, European transportation infrastructure groups have made a string of acquisitions. In this CreditMatters TV segment, S&P Global Ratings Director Maria Lemos explains why she doesn’t foresee rating volatility in the wake of the increased M&A activity.
Over the past nine months we have taken negative rating actions on one-third of our corporate and infrastructure companies in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), and raised the ratings on only three. The GCC market continues to face a tough operating environment at present on the back of continued subdued oil prices.
The historic Carbon Offset and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA) agreement announced by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO, a United Nations body) on Oct. 6, 2016, should not have a material near-term credit effect on the airlines, aircraft manufacturers, or aircraft leasing companies that we rate.
With an onerous and outdated U.S. tax code keeping American corporations from repatriating the more than $2 trillion they hold overseas, S&P Global is proposing a deal in which companies can take advantage of a limited tax holiday in return for investing a percentage of the earnings they bring home in U.S. infrastructure.
In the battle for global oil market share, it looks like OPEC might have blinked first. On Sept. 26-28, 2016, several OPEC members held an informal meeting in Algiers ahead of the official meeting in Vienna scheduled for late November. The members subsequently announced a preliminary deal that could possibly cut oil production to 32.5 million barrels of oil equivalent per day (boe/d) from the curr
The weakening fundamentals in Europe's energy markets are causing utilities some pain.
S&P Global Ratings has reviewed and updated its short-term price assumptions for Brent and West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude oil.
The financing vehicles (LGFVs) of China's lower-tier local governments could face increased refinancing and policy risks following recently revised regulations. The Shanghai Stock Exchange has stipulated that LGFVs that generate more than half their revenue from local governments will no longer be allowed to issue corporate bonds.
The 21st Century will be increasingly defined by emerging and changing environmental risks and opportunities. Environmental risks are fundamental drivers of company and financial risk exposure for debt issuers. Asset level data build on disclosure regimes by providing physical and nonphysical asset level information tied to company ownership.
Enbridge Inc. has announced a merger with Spectra Energy Corp. that will create the largest midstream energy company in North America.
We are affirming our ratings, including our 'BBB' long-term corporate credit rating, on Enbridge Energy Partners L.P. (EEP).
Investment in infrastructure has experienced setbacks, with postponements of some asset sales and a downsizing of other projects. This includes not only projects supported by the U.K. government, such as the Hinkley Point nuclear power station, HS2 high-speed railway line, and the proposed Heathrow runway expansion, but also private deals such as the proposed sale of the Birmingham Toll Road M6, w
In early June 2016, Exelon Corp. announced it was retiring two of its stalwart nuclear units, Clinton and Quad Cities in Illinois. Exelon had been signaling this possibility very publicly for years, but the high profile nature of the announcement marks a crescendo of nuclear asset closures throughout the Midwestern and Northeastern U.S. during the past few years, mostly as a result of declining pr
S&P Global Ratings recently updated its PJM capacity price assumptions. We've discussed factors that could generate lower auction pricing for power in U.S. markets. We've examined some factors that could generate higher capacity prices in future auctions, including bidding behavior, plant retirements, and a continuing decline in demand response participation.
Cost-sharing mechanisms don't offer full protection for Australia's ports and rail networks should a shipper default, S&P Global Ratings said in a Credit FAQ published today titled, "Cost Sharing May Provide A Safe Harbor For Australia's Ports And Rail Networks". The strengths and weaknesses of cost-sharing mechanisms for ports and rail networks serving Australia's coal industry are pertinent issu
The issuance of U.S. municipal green bonds – bonds backing projects with positive environmental effects -- is increasing, joining a trend in the broader market for similarly labeled debt instruments.
S&P Global Ratings is seeking feedback on a potential new ESG evaluation framework and scoring methodology it is developing for corporate issuers to evaluate a company's impact on the natural and social environments it inhabits, the governance mechanisms it has in place to oversee those effects, and potential losses it may face as a result of its exposures to such environmental and social risks.
S&P Global Ratings is seeking feedback on a potential new Green Bond Evaluation product. Our proposed Green Bond Evaluation methodology looks beyond the governance and management of a bond by providing an analysis and estimate of the environmental impact of the projects or initiatives financed by the bond's proceeds over its lifetime relative to a local baseline.
This article discusses how S&P Global Ratings accounts for the benefits of TIFIA loans that have the flexibility to defer debt-service obligations in times of project stress. We discuss how we factor these loans into our rating analysis for U.S. transport projects that have volume risk, such as managed lanes and toll roads.
The emergence of the market for green bonds--conventional bonds whose proceeds must be used for sustainable investments--is supporting environmentally beneficial strategies in the real estate sector.
Essential infrastructure funding requirements, low interest rates, and investors' appetite for Islamic assets in their portfolios continue to be supportive for the world's core corporate sukuk markets--the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC; Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates) and Malaysia. But corporate and infrastructure sukuk issuance has continued to stagnate so fa
U.S. electric utilities may have found a new long-term growth opportunity in electric vehicles (EVs), which are gaining widespread popularity due to falling battery prices and reduced range anxiety for consumers.
Petroleo Brasileiro S.A. - Petrobras (Petrobras: global scale: B+/Negative/--; national scale: brBBB-/Negative/--) is in the midst of a significant divestment plan whose execution has been slower than expected mainly as a result of low oil prices and a higher scrutiny on the company and Brazil in general. Nevertheless, the pace of asset sales has recently gained some momentum, which could help the
The U.K.'s Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC) was disbanded on July 14, 2016. This was part of a major reshuffle launched by new Prime Minister Theresa May, who took up her role following the June 24 referendum vote to leave the EU ("Brexit").
Following the U.K.'s decision to leave the EU (Brexit) in the June 2016 referendum, S&P Global Ratings sees limited impact on its rated U.K. project finance transactions.
Following the U.K.'s decision to leave the EU (Brexit) in the June 2016 referendum, S&P Global Ratings sees limited impact on its rated U.K. project finance transactions. In this CreditMatters TV segment, S&P Global Rating analyzed the effect of Brexit on our portfolio.
At S&P Global Ratings' annual infrastructure finance seminars in June in London, Paris, and Frankfurt, market participants heard about the effects of the U.K. referendum on leaving the EU and also about trends and developments in the utilities sector, which is facing a difficult present and uncertain future amid great change.
In January 2016, S&P Global Ratings participated in a Webinar sponsored by the Advanced Energy Economy on Grid Modernization.
Considerable declines in generation costs and the need for renewables mean significant growth prospects for the rapidly evolving energy storage sector. As the technology approaches large-scale commercial viability, we believe storage will become a key tool in global efforts to decarbonize the power sector.
Recent mergers and acquisitions (M&A) featuring substantial investments in energy storage companies indicate a structural shift in global energy systems. S&P Global Ratings believes this is a sign of things to come, as leading estimates predict that the world will need 150 gigawatts (GW) of battery storage if it is to double the share of renewable power generation by 2030.
The Port of Melbourne's looming privatization is unlikely to rock the harbor's dominant position. S&P Global Ratings expects the port to continue generating good volume growth from its three segments: container, bulk, and agriculture-related shipments.
This report was commissioned by the Bipartisan Policy Center’s Executive Council on Infrastructure, co-chaired by Doug Peterson, president and CEO of S&P Global, and Susan Story, President and CEO of American Water. It contains proposals for a new framework to plan, pay for, and deliver transformative infrastructure projects in the United States.
It's well known that investors hate uncertainty, and in the run-up to the U.K.'s June 23 referendum on membership in the EU, the only certainty is uncertainty. According to a survey of infrastructure investors active in the U.K. market carried out by S&P Global Ratings, the lion's share believes that a Brexit, or U.K. exit from the EU, would zap investment for infrastructure.
A survey of investors active in U.K. infrastructure found that the immediate consequences of a Brexit were likely to be political instability and macroeconomic turbulence that could postpone investment decisions, and currency volatility that could increase revenue volatility and raise costs.
Volatility in financial markets continued to recede in April, marked by gains in U.S. equities and a bounce in commodity prices, which set the stage for sizeable capital inflows into Latin America.
Most observers would agree that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was very busy in 2015. Last year saw the finalization of the Clean Power Plan in August, followed by the high-profile Gold King mine spill disaster in Colorado later in the year. And now it faces questions around its handling of the Flint, Michigan, drinking water crisis in 2016.
Corporations could issue up to $28 billion in green bonds this year, driven by a burgeoning Chinese market, emerging interest from U.S. utilities, strong investor demand, and increasing disclosure requirements. Market pricing is evolving and environmental credentials could contribute to pricing over the long term.
The corporate green bond market got off to an auspicious start in 2016 with Apple's first ever green bond issuance on Feb. 16, worth $1.5 billion. The market predicted this issue by the world's largest company by capitalization would open the gates to more large corporates tapping the market for green bonds, which are issued specifically to fund environmental projects.
The significant decline in natural gas prices has improved the economics for U.S. gas-fired power generation relative to other fuels.
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Economic Community (AEC) began at the end of 2015, creating an economic bloc with 600 million residents--almost twice the population of the U.S.
As we enter the second quarter, the markets have calmed but worries about Europe’s long-term growth path are still real. Amid these concerns and yet again disappointing indicators for long-term inflation, the European Central Bank took another unorthodox step in March by pushing deposit rates further below zero, and increasing its quantitative easing program both in volume and scope.
(This article was published in March 23rd edition of Public Finance International) Despite great potential, the United States is yet to develop a mature offshore wind market. Michael Ferguson, Associate Director at Standard & Poor’s Ratings Services, argues that Europe can provide a Model for mitigating risks linked to such projects.
For the first time Standard & Poor's sees a decline in house ownership in the U.K. from over 70% to now below 65%, while the private rental housing sector is growing. In this CreditMatters TV segment, credit analyst Nicole Reinhardt highlights the key trends driving the U.K. private rented housing sector.View Related Article
Global financial systems are moving toward liabilities bailing-in through the introduction of resolution regimes and the requirement that some banks set aside a certain amount of loss-absorbing instruments. We believe Islamic finance might be headed in the same direction and thus inching closer to applying one of its five basic principles, profit and loss sharing.
The U.K. government's "contracts for difference" (CfD) scheme is a feed-in tariff helping to accelerate investment in low-carbon power generation. The Conservative government is yet to confirm implementation detaild for the second round of this scheme. Here, we outline how we would assess the credit risk of eligible projects.
Government agencies across North America are turning to the public-private partnership (P3) financing model to deliver new passenger light rail transit (LRT) infrastructure. Here, we answer some frequently asked questions about our approach to rating LRT project financings.
The global offshore wind industry continues to expand, but offshore projects are inherently riskier than onshore wind projects. In this CreditMatters TV segment, Associate Director Mike Ferguson discusses how we rate these deals and the assumptions we use in our analysis.View Related Article
Our senior analysts will discuss the first rated offshore wind project and key credit features of this asset class.View Related Article
Merchant generators had a tough 2015. Against expectations, electricity demand has decoupled from economic growth and is influencing longer-term power prices. Milder weather, more environmental regulations, and even elements of energy policy have conspired to put downward pressure on merchant generators' credit quality.
RWE AG has announced it will exercise its right to call a subordinated hybrid bond issued in November 2011 at its first call date of April 4, 2017. We are revising the equity credit to minimal for all outstanding €3.8 billion hybrids issued by RWE AG.
Heathrow Funding Ltd. (HFL) is a corporate securitization, which grants bondholders first-ranking security over Heathrow Airport Ltd. (HAL) and the Heathrow Express rail link. Principal and interest for the financing group's obligations is serviced through various revenue sources, but primarily through passenger charges.
The CCG mitigates the impact of a potential lock-up in July 2017 that could otherwise have occurred due to Exeltium's put counterparty remaining sub-investment grade; and the forward wholesale electricity price remaining at a level lower than the net downstream price.
Plenary Health Finance is the financing vehicle of the Victorian Comprehensive Cancer Centre PPP project in the Australian State of Victoria. Plenary Health Finance has completed refinancing its existing debt by raising about A$978 million in senior secured debt, which it will repay using cash flows from the state for the availability of services at the center.
U.K.-based special-purpose entity High Speed Rail Finance PLC (HSRF) is proposing to issue up to £314 million of rated debt, comprising up to £184 million amortizing fixed-rate notes and up to £130 million bullet repayment fixed-rate notes.
Financed with $13 billion, including $6 billion of debt, phase one of the new airport in Mexico City is one of the largest infrastructure projects in the hemisphere. In this extended briefing, our analysts detail the unique aspects of this transaction, how we arrived at a 'BBB+' rating, key credit risks and strengths, and will compare the airport to peers in Europe and Asia.
Fideicomiso 80460 (the Mexico City Airport Trust or the trust) is a financing trust that has the benefit of an assignment of all airport passenger charges (Tarifa de Uso de Aeropuertos, or TUA) generated by Mexico City's existing Aeropuerto Internacional de la Ciudad de México (AICM) airport and future TUA from the city's new airport (NAICM), which is under construction to accommodate growth in de
In January 2016, Northleaf Capital Partners (50%) and AMP Capital (50%) entered into a purchase-and-sale agreement with LMG2 LLC to acquire the largest underground downtown parking system in the U.S. (Millennium Garages).
Our rating on FLIQ2's debt initially takes into account our assessment of construction phase risk and operations phase risk. The lower of the two sets the anchor risk profile. We then adjust the anchor to account for any parent linkage or structural features that may add to risk to determine the final debt rating.
Luxembourg-based limited-purpose entity Vela Energy Finance S.A. will issue three fixed-rate, senior classes of notes, pari passu, for a total €404.4 million due in 2036. The proceeds of the issuance will be lent under individual loan agreements to Vela Energy Equityco SL, which will then on-lend them to the 35 operating companies (the ProjectCos).
Purple Line Transit Partners LLC (PLTP) will finance, develop, design, build, equip, and supply light-rail vehicles (LRV) for, and operate and maintain the Purple Line Light Rail Project under an approximately 36-year availability based concession agreement with the Maryland Dept. of Transportation (MDOT) and the Maryland Transit Administration (MTA).
We have assigned our 'BBB-' ratings to WindMW's new senior secured dollar- and euro-denominated debt tranches. Blackstone Corp. is project financing WindMW GmbH to operate a 288 MW offshore wind farm in the North Sea. It will sell its power through a feed-in tariff established under German law with TenneT BV Holdings through 2027; this coincides with the end of the initial debt tenor.
On Oct. 26, 2015, we assigned our 'AA-' rating to the Triborough Bridge and Tunnel Authority (TBTA), N.Y.'s $65 million series 2015B general revenue bonds. At the same time, we assigned our 'AA-' rating to the TBTA's pro forma, $91.5 million, subseries 2008B-3 general revenue bonds, which are being remarketed Nov. 16 (the mandatory tender date).
On Sept. 30, 2015, we assigned our 'BBB' long-term issue credit rating to the €285 million fixed-rate senior secured bonds due in 2034, and issued by Luxembourg-based LPE Solaben Luxembourg S.A. (the issuer). This rating is in line with the preliminary rating we assigned on July 9, 2015. The outlook on the rating is stable.
Platts, the leading independent provider of information and benchmark prices for the commodities and energy markets, has announced the acquisition of Commodity Flow, a specialist technology and business intelligence service for the global waterborne commodity and energy markets.
Thank you for your interest in the S&P Global Ratings' 2017 Midstream Energy and Oil & Gas Breakfast Forum that took place in Toronto on January 24th.
Thank you for your interest in the S&P Global Ratings' 2017 Midstream Energy and Oil & Gas Breakfast Forum that took place in Houston on February 9th.
Thank you for your interest in the S&P Global Ratings' 2017 Midstream Energy and Oil & Gas Breakfast Forum that took place in Calgary on January 26th.
Thank you for your interest in the S&P Global Ratings' 2017 Midstream Energy and Oil & Gas Breakfast Forum that took place in New York on January 18th.
S&P Global Ratings held an interactive, live audio webcast and Q&A on Thursday, November 10, 2016, at 10:30 a.m. Eastern Time where our global analytical team discussed themes including credit outlook, key issues and trends for the global oil & gas sector.
On Tuesday 25th October 2016, Michael Wilkins, Head of Environmental & Climate Risk Research, Global Infrastructure Ratings provided an update on the new tool's development and summarised the feedback received. Also presenting and answering questions were co-developers Lydia Harvey, Senior Analyst at Trucost, and Mirsolav Petkov, Director, Financial Institutions, S&P Global Ratings.
S&P Global Ratings' Latin America Analytical Leadership team held an interactive, live audio Webcast and Q&A on Thursday, October 20, 2016, at 10:30 a.m. Eastern Time, to discuss S&P Global Ratings Latin American outlook for 2017.
On Monday, 18th July 2016 senior S&P Global Ratings analysts discussed the rationale behind the recent rating action of the German rail operator Deutsche Bahn AG.
S&P Global Ratings held an interactive, live audio webcast and Q&A on Thursday, July 7, 2016, at 4:00 p.m. Eastern Daylight Time to discuss the preliminary “BBB” rating on FLNG Liquefaction 2, a new U.S.-based project financing in construction that will produce LNG for export.
S&P Global Ratings held an interactive, live audio webcast and Q&A on Wednesday, June 29, 2016, at 11:00 a.m. Eastern Time where we discussed our 2016 credit outlook for the North American Oil & Gas industry.
S&P Global Ratings hosted it's Annual Infrastructure Finance Seminars, from 14th -16th June 2016 in London, Paris and Frankfurt. With special guest speakers and focused presentations from our key rating analysts in this sector we provided updates on credit trends and rating factors affecting the infrastructure industry.
Listen to the replay of the S&P Global Ratings telephone conference call that took place on Tuesday, June 7 at 3:00 p.m. U.S. Eastern Time discussing the preliminary BBB+ rating on Purple Line Light Rail Project (Purple Line Transit Partners LLC).
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